WHAT IS A MOTHERBOARD?
The motherboard , also known as a motherboard , mainboard or, simply, MB , M / B or mobo , is the most important part of a PC . A motherboard, in fact, has the fundamental task of handling food properly and all the various components related to it (ie processor , RAM , hard drive , video card , burner , etc.).
HOW TO CHOOSE A MOTHERBOARD?
To choose a motherboard , the most important factors to consider before you buy one, are mainly three or the format , the socket , and the chipset used. To understand then which motherboard to buy, I will try to clarify your own ideas about the issues.
WHICH FORMAT TO CHOOSE?
All motherboards that are on the market are characterized, first of all, according to the size used.
To avoid compatibility problems, they were in fact created a number of formats standards among which, the most common ones, are the so-called standard ATX , with the size equal to 305 x 244 mm, and the so-called standard microATX , with the size equal instead to 244 x 244 mm.
Comparing the most used formats of a motherboard.
In addition to size, the difference between one format and the other, is, above all, the number of ports and slots on the motherboard itself (if you have not then space problems with the house , you should always choose the format ATX since, usually, is precisely the one that offers a greater expandability).
WHICH SOCKET TO CHOOSE?
After the format, what distinguishes a motherboard from another is the type of socket used (which, in a nutshell, allows you to connect the processor to the motherboard). In trade, to the contrary of the format, it is possible to find, however, only two types of socket:
- latter also called LGA2011-3);
- and those of AMD, based on the typology PGA , which, however, are the AM1, AM2 / AM2 +, the AM3 / AM3 +, FM1 and FM2 the / FM2 +.
But apart from the brand and / or type of socket, the only thing you need to keep in mind, when you’re about to pick one, is that this will also influence the choice of processor (so, if you buy a motherboard equipped with the socket, for example, LGA1150 or FM2 + you will need to buy a processor with power, respectively, of the socket LGA1150 or FM2 +).
WHICH CHIPSET CHOOSE?
The last factor, but not least, it stands out a motherboard from another, is also the so-called chipset which has the fundamental task of sorting and managing information loops between the CPU, RAM, hard disk, and the other components within the system (most often, unless special characteristics, it is precisely this chipset that most influence the price of a motherboard ).
As regards the types of chipsets available on the market, Intel, currently, li It divides chipsets to high performance chipsets and mainstream ; AMD, however, divides them into chipset series A and chipset series 9 (for more information about the features offered by each type of these chipsets, you should still consult the respective pages that you’ve just mentioned).
In addition to size, the socket and the chipset used, when you’re buying a motherboard you should also consider the other features offered by the same. Nowadays, a good motherboard, it should also provide support for the latest standards available such as:
- the standard USB 3.1, used to plug external devices;
- the standard PCI Express 3.0, which is used for connecting video cards (but not only);
- and, finally, the standard SATA 3.0, SATA Express and M.2 , used to connect hard drives, SSDs and / or writers / readers;
Also, a good motherboard should also have a sufficient number of slots expansion (especially as regards the RAM memory but also as regards the slots PCI and / or PCI Express), and, if you are interested in, it should also support the Wi -fi and / or Bluetooth . As for the brands available in the market, the best known are the ‘ ASUS , the ‘ ASRock , the Gigabyte and MSI .
At this point you should know how to choose a motherboard .