For years, digital video was a difficult and expensive hobby, practiced by a small group of fans who had much time to invest in ‘learning techniques, and the same money to be used to’ purchase of the equipment. Today, the video can be created at virtually no cost: the vast majority of compact digital cameras also allows you to shoot movies, then you do not need to have a camera. The editing software , then, is a standard feature on all Windows computers: it is Movie Maker , that if the first versions was decidedly poor, over the years has become a program sufficiently complete to be used for each application video montage of “home.”
If the initial idea then is to create a video to be stored on their mobile phone, or to upload to YouTube , you will not need anything else. If we find that that the video is becoming a real passion, you can arrange the most sophisticated technical means: one camera, maybe able to shoot movies in high-definition (HD), and a more sophisticated editing software such as Adobe Premiere Elemens or Pinnacle Studio . The rudiments Transforming the “shot”, ie the raw footage in a video “finished” requires a series of intermediate steps, which serve to prune the unnecessary, to create a narrative continuity and to add what is missing: typically, a textual part (securities and girth) and a sound (voice-over, soundtrack, any noise).
This complex of operations, ranging in shaping the material to transform it, from time to time, in a short film, in a documentary, a video service in journalism or in a music clip, goes under the name of ” postproduction “. In theory, each of these operations require the intervention of an experienced professional. In the film (or television) these operations are performed by montaggista, the noise, the music consultant and so on. Within the family, the staff typically consists of one person: you.
This means that, ideally, you should have all the technical knowledge of a team of professionals, to get the final result.
In fact, programs like Movie Maker greatly simplify the work, suggesting, by their very structure the sequence of operations to be performed. As far as things to know, here’s some advice. Think first The main operations to be performed during assembly are the choice of locations to use, their sequencing, and cutting the unnecessary parts – often the beginning and end of a recovery there are several seconds of shot that are unnecessary for the narrative. All these operations are simplified if already at time of filming we tried to follow a “method”, a kind of scheme of work or if you prefer ladder of recovery. On the domestic front, the vast majority of the videos that are produced tell a story or a small event: birthday party, baptism of his nephew, the marriage of his friend. For each of these occasions it is possible to create a playlist in advance of filming to be carried out. For example, for the birthday party you could do the shooting on the preparation of calls, then setting up the decorations, the arrival of the guests, the candle-blowing, the opening of presents, guests who leave and, to “close” the disconsolate expression of who will have to clean the room, armed with a broom.
This mode of operation, in which shooting is done already so big in ‘order is required, it is called ” mounting in the car “, and greatly reduces the initial work of postproduction. Once the work carried out the shooting, the first thing to do is to import them into your PC. Here the operations are different depending on the tool that you used, for example, digital video cameras to tape type “DV” require the presence of a power Firewire interface and send the video in real time (an hour of footage is transferred to an hour), while the majority of solid state camcorders (SD cards or hard drive) or optical disc (DVD) connect directly to the USB port and pour the shot at the maximum speed allowed by the interface.
If the recording is done on the SD card, it might be even more comfortable pull out the card from video / camera and read it through a card reader – is built on many PCs. Generally, video editing programs store shooting in a special folder, and incorporating a ” browser “for easy selection. If you have used the technique of “fitting in the car”, most likely the choice and sequencing consist simply in moving, in order, the individual shots from the browser to the Storyboard, the area of the program is intended to show the clip actually used. At this point, we must proceed to cut the portions of each shot.
Keep in mind that the length of the shoot is the one that gives the “rhythm” of the narrative. If you run short takes, two / three seconds, you’ll have a movie with a fast pace, while shooting if you run longer, from 10 to 20 seconds, you have mounted a more bland. The pace should be commensurate with the argument: a music video should not have moments of “tired”, and then the pace of the shoot will be a tight; a travel documentary that describes the glaciers will probably need to shoot more comprehensive. During assembly, the “cuts” to the individual sequences must take into account this need for speed. The transition from one sequence to the next must contribute to the narrative structure of the video, and then steps (called “transitions”) are chosen so that they are significant. The most common passage, to be used in 90% of occasions, it is the cut: a sequence ends and the next begins immediately. If there are special needs, using the most sophisticated passages.
For example, to give the idea that time has elapsed since one can use a fade to black followed by a fade from black: in practice, the sequence becomes dark in the space of 3 or 4 seconds and then the next one “emerges” from the dark always in 3 or 4 seconds. Enter the transitions, what you get is already pretty definitive, at least for the video part. This is the time to add the text, consists of securities, “credit” and “girth”. For the titles, the most important thing is not to overdo it: do not overdo it with weird fonts, colors and dazzling animations reckless. Choose a couple of fonts, one for headlines and one for subtitles, a color, and try to keep all the videos. With regard to the duration, the general rule is that the title should be displayed long enough to read it aloud twice in a row. Submissions audio titles , the structure “visual” of the video is ready. This is the time to work on the audio. Most likely, the original sound of the shooting will not be of great quality – often prefer to exclude it completely and replace it with somethin ‘else.
However, even if the original audio was valid, it will definitely be the case to include a soundtrack, choosing the suitable music to emphasize the character of the shooting. Beware though, almost all music is subject to copyright, so if you use famous compositions can show your video are your family; if for example you want to send the video to one of your holiday in a TV program, you’ll probably have to remove the music or arrange to pay rights. It is usually easier to use music in the public domain, can also be found on the Web If you have some writing skills and good qualities of “voice-over“, you can also try to create a “voice over”, a comment entrusted to a voice field.
This is usually the final step: after the ” dubbing “, the video is ready for use. Ready for export To tell the truth, you may miss one more operation: it is likely that the video that you have just installed is registered in a format appropriate for the “average” you want to use to spread. For example, if you plan to make a DVD, you have to translate the video in WMV format to MPEG-2 format. If, however, bets to upload it to the phone, you may need to translate it into a format compatible MPEG-4, 3GPP type. If your goal is to go on Youtube , usually just follow the specifications of durability and overall dimensions: Loading, will be the site itself to perform the necessary conversion.