Ends up space on your old hard drive ?
It’s time to replace it !
The purchase of your new PC , the hard drive with which it was equipped you will definitely seemed roomy . Too . Phrases like ” I’ll never fill up all that space ” will be passed to the mind. But, with the diffusion of the latest versions of Windows and applications of the latest generation , together with the storage of audio and video files (typically rather bulky ) , the free space in your hard disk has been increasingly thin.
Until you had to “sacrifice” some files. What to do in these cases? Fortunately there is good news : the cost of a new hard drive is not prohibitive , and the last hardisk satamodelli can transfer data at a much higher speed than it did just a few years ago. Replacing your old hard drive, or adding a second device , is relatively simple: the following steps will explain the details of the operation, with particular attention to the most complicated .
Generally the hard disks are connected to the EIDE or Sata
bus of the PC. Each of its two channels can support both a master device type , either as slaves . Most PCs have a single hard drive connected to a channel and a DVD / CD -ROM drive connected to the other channel. You may decide to leave your old hard drive where it is, by placing the new disc next .
Install or remove a hard rigidoLa best thing to do in these cases consists in ‘ to use the new drive as the master on that disk and reinstall Windows and applications you use . In this case, the old drive would be used as a slave , to be used as storage for your documents . Before continuing , you need to determine which programs are currently installed in your system , so as to check if you have the installation files on CD- ROM or DVD. To do this , go into the Control Panel and double-click on the “ Add or Remove Programs ” dialog box that appears will display the list of installed applications, and you can make the right and proper controls. Also, make sure the presence of the CD -ROM for Windows reinstalling the operating system, if necessary. Finally , make a copy of your files and documents of major importance : it is an advance ( it is rather difficult task that you perform will generate data loss ), but do not risk it . Well, now you are ready to start handling the hardware .
It should therefore provide some safety instructions before proceeding. After turning off the computer and disconnecting it from the power supply is ok to leave it to rest for at least a quarter of an hour, so as to allow proper cooling of internal components . Also, since you will be dealing directly with the electronic units, it is good to avoid any electrostatic charges.
We’re going to mount the disk into the computer
So be sure of your ground , perhaps using an antistatic wrist strap (available at your local hardware vendor ) or by touching something like a radiator before handling the disk (s ) . With the computer off , remove the panels of the case and look for your hard drive. Generally it is placed in a slot in the front of the computer .
It is connected to the motherboard via a ribbon cable gray color , and nutrition through a smaller connector with four separate cables . If you want to leave your old hard drive in its place, you’ll have to remove it to change the configuration jumpers on the slave. To this end , detached with caution both cables and remove the safety screws on the sides of the disc , which at this point should slip off with ease.
Alternatively, your PC may have a dedicated frame and removable , as shown in the image .
Remove the new hard drive from its antistatic package . Take a look at the back and , after consulting the manual supplied , bring on the master configuration jumpers. If you want to keep the old drive , set its jumper to slave .
How does a hardisk
At this point, the two units will work together with the new album which will act as the primary device . Paying close attention , insert the new disk ( and the old, if you had removed) inside the case and secure it tightly with screws. Handle the power supply hard diskdisco using its edges and try not to directly touch the electronic components placed on the lower side . The ribbon cable will be connected to both drives and the motherboard, then make sure that both units are easily connected before finally secure with the screws. Also, make sure that the other end of the cable is securely fastened to the motherboard.
When everything is ready and the case closed , reconnect the power cord and turn on the computer. The appearance of the BIOS information on the screen , press the Delete key on your keyboard ( or in some cases the F1 key ) to enter the BIOS setup window .
Within the section on standard settings , check that all EIDE devices are automatically detected : this will allow your PC to recognize correctly both the old unit and the new hard drive. Next, set the boot sequence so that the first unit turns out to be your CD-ROM drive . Finally, save the new settings and exit the BIOS . Insert the CD installation disc of Windows XP , and restart the machine again .
It will start like that, automatically, the installation of the operating system. Now press ENTER on the keyboard to allow the installation of Windows XP to use the new disk and , in the next window , use the arrow keys to select the mode to be used during the process of formatting the drive.
There are two modes , FAT32 and NTFS. The first is how to organize files typical of Microsoft operating systems that preceded XP. The second , NTFS, is introduced in this sense the choice from the most recent Windows operating systems : we suggest you opt for NTFS mode , since it allows more efficient organization of the data. Choose whether to start the format operation quick mode or normal, and continue pressing Enter on the keyboard. When finished, the actual installation of Windows XP will start automatically.
The configuration jumper
All PCs have two inputs on the motherboard to connect readers or other types of units (there is a third dedicated to the floppy disk ) . These inputs configuration jumper hard disksono called “ EIDE channels ” and each of them can handle up to a maximum of two units. The channels are labeled as primary and secondary. Units connected to the EIDE channels are identified by the same name.
The first drive connected to the primary EIDE channel is called ” primary master ” , the second ” primary slave ” and so also for the second IDE channel . The reason behind this terminology is simple: a PC can boot from an operating system stored inside the primary master . All units have jumpers that allow you to set them as masters or slaves or to work in parallel with other unit . For example, two units of the same type on the master channel generates confusion within the PC, allowing it to detect other units.